美國憲法第14項修正案被批准了_1

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美國憲法第14項修正案於1868728日被批准了

1868728日,美國憲法第14項修正案被批准了。這項修正案賦予「所有出生或歸化美國的人」都享有公民資格,包括在內戰結束後獲得自由的奴隸在內。雖然許多南方州反對這項修正案,但是仍有四分之三的州同意支持這樣修正案,所以最後還是得到通過。被稱為「重建修正案」的第14項修正案規定任何州在「沒有依照法定程序之下,不能剝奪任何人的生命、自由或財產」,或者「剝奪每個人有接受公平審判的機會」。


On July 28, 1868, the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War. The amendment had been rejected by most Southern states but was ratified by the required three-fourths of the states. Known as the "Reconstruction Amendment," it forbids any state to deny any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws."

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