庫斯特的最後據點戰役_1

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George Armstrong Custer
喬治‧阿姆斯壯‧庫斯特

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A 1938 recording of the song "Custer's Last Charge"

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庫斯特的最後據點戰役:1876625

你對「小大角之戰」 (Battle of Little Big Horn) 有多少認識呢?你可能比我還瞭解庫斯特最後據點戰役的故事。

1876625日的早晨,陸軍中校喬治‧庫斯特 (George A. Custer) 率領第七騎兵隊進攻,於是與蘇族、夏安族印第安人發生戰爭。庫斯特本來打算全軍守在小大角河 (Little Big Horn River) 河口,等待援軍到來,但是他發現酋長「坐著的公牛」 (Sitting Bull) 在一旁緊密窺視著,庫斯特於是失去耐心,下令展開攻擊。

一八七四年,被印地安蘇族視為聖地的「黑山」 (Black Hills) ,由於發現黃金,吸引數萬的白人淘金客湧入,此舉破壞了政府與蘇族、夏安族訂定的保留區條約。然而,美國政府卻下令要求印第安人離開他們的居住地,必須返回保留區裡。


What do you know about the Battle of Little Big Horn? You might know the story better as Custer's Last Stand.

On the morning of June 25, 1876, Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer and the 7th Cavalry charged into battle against Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne Indians. Custer's orders were to wait for reinforcements at the mouth of the Little Big Horn River before attacking the Indians, but Chief Sitting Bull had been spotted nearby, and Custer was impatient to attack.

A treaty had given the Sioux exclusive rights to the Black Hills, but when gold was later discovered in the area, white miners flocked to the territory. Despite the treaty, the U.S. government ordered the Indians away from the invading settlers and back to their reservations.

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CREDIT: "Portrait of Maj. Gen. (as of Apr. 15, 1865) George A. Custer, Officer of the Federal Army." Between 1860 and 1865. Selected Civil War photographs, 1861-1865, American Memory collections, Library of Congress.
AUDIO CREDIT: Warde Ford, unaccompanied vocals. "Custer's Last Charge." Recorded by Sidney Robertson Cowell. December 26, 1938. California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties, Library of Congress.