各州簡介_華盛頓

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1853年時,部分的俄勒岡地區構成了華盛頓地區。為紀念喬治華盛頓,遂以他的名字為該州命名;華盛頓在1889年加入聯邦,成為美國第42州。它濱臨海邊及普吉灣(Puget Sound)海港的位置,讓它與阿拉斯加、加拿大和太平洋沿岸各地區諸國的貿易往來處於主導地位。華盛頓境內擁有兩座主要的山脈,一個是7,000英尺高的奧林匹克山,由普吉灣西部半島的溫帶雨林所環繞,而另一座更為雄偉的山脈是喀斯開山脈,其上有高14,410呎的來尼爾山及由火山作用型成的聖希倫斯山,其曾於1980年代時爆發兩次。雖然華盛頓的首府是奧林匹亞(Olympia),但大部分的人都住在西雅圖-愛佛列(Seattle-Everett)及他柯馬(Tacoma)大都會區。「常綠之州」(Evergreen State)的州樹是西洋鐵杉,而它的州花是西洋杜鵑花。

In 1853, the Washington Territory was formed from part of the Oregon Territory. Named in honor of George Washington, Washington was the 42nd state to join the Union, in 1889. Its coastal location and Puget Sound harbors give it a leading role in trade with Alaska, Canada, and the Pacific Rim. The state has two major mountain ranges--the 7,000-foot Olympic Mountains surrounded by temperate rain forest on the peninsula west of Puget Sound, and the more majestic Cascade Range, which boasts the 14,410-foot Mount Rainier and the volcanic Mount St. Helens, which erupted twice in the 1980s. Although the capital is Olympia, most people live in the metropolitan areas of Seattle-Everett and Tacoma. The state tree of the "Evergreen State" is the western hemlock, and the flower is the western rhododendron.


Photo of the front of school with students and teachers posed
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