阿拉巴馬州的塔斯基吉大學

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A history class at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1902
阿拉巴馬州塔斯基吉學院的歷史課,1902

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阿拉巴馬州塔斯基吉大學 (Tuskegee University)

在美國,塔斯基吉大學為美國國會唯一指定為國家古蹟的校園。

塔斯基吉師範暨工業技術學院 (Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute) 成立於1881年,創辦人為教育學家及曾身為奴隸的華盛頓 (Booker T. Washington) ,其為美國境內最具影響力的非裔美國人領袖。此一機構為塔斯基吉大學的前身。一開始,這 所學校領有阿拉巴馬州頒發的執照,專門用來訓練非裔美國人教學、農業及工業貿易等相關知識。

著名的植物學家喀威爾 (George Washington Carver) 應華盛頓的邀約,於1896年來到塔斯基吉, 成為農業系的系主任 。喀威爾也在此處發展出為避免土壤養份流失的農作物輪耕方式,他也在這兒發現了上百種花生及甘薯的新用途。在1920年代,學校擴展 其教學任務,開始提供學生人文藝術教育。


Congress has designated only one college campus in the country as a National Historic Site: Tuskegee.

Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute was founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, an educator and former slave who became one of the most influential African American leaders in the United States. The institute later became Tuskegee University. In the beginning, the school was chartered by the state of Alabama to train African American men and women in teaching, agriculture, and industrial trades.

At the invitation of Booker T. Washington, famed botanist George Washington Carver came to Tuskegee in 1896 to head the agriculture department. It was there that Carver developed his method of crop rotation to conserve nutrients in the soil. He also discovered hundreds of new uses for the peanut and sweet potato. In the 1920s, the school expanded its mission and offered its students a liberal arts education.


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