詹姆士門羅 (James Monroe)

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Meet Amazing Americans 美國總統 詹姆士門羅 (James Monroe)
 
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詹姆士門羅 James Monroe

詹姆士門羅 James Monroe
 

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生於: 1758年4月28日,出生於維吉尼亞州威斯特摩蘭郡
死於: 1831年7月4日,逝世於紐約市

詹姆士門羅是美國第五任總統(1817-1825),他在外交政策上的卓越功績、因而有了以其姓氏命名的「門羅主義」(Monroe Doctrine),他的名字也是賴比瑞亞首都蒙羅維亞(Monrovia)的命名由來。賴比瑞亞是一個由美國受解放黑奴成立的國家,而門羅這位黑奴的擁有者,幫助他們完成回到非洲祖國的夢想。

在成為總統之前,門羅花了許多年擔任海內外的公職職務,也是第一位曾擔任美國參議員的總統,他跟湯瑪士傑佛遜一樣研讀法律,雖然他並不如其他獨立戰爭世代的領袖那般聰明,但當時的人們卻十分喜愛並尊崇他的判斷力、誠實及個人親和力。他和同期的約翰亞當斯、湯瑪士傑佛遜一樣於七月四日逝世,也就是美國簽署獨立宣言紀念日以及國慶日當天。

James Monroe was the fifth president of the United States (1817-1825). He is perhaps best known for establishing the foreign policy principle that came to bear his name, the Monroe Doctrine. He is also the person for whom Monrovia, the capital city of Liberia, was named. Liberia is an African country founded by freed American slaves. Monroe, a slave owner, supported their repatriation (return to their place of origin) to Africa.

Before becoming president, Monroe spent many years in public service, both domestically and overseas, and was the first president to have been a U.S. senator. Although he studied law under Thomas Jefferson, he was not as brilliant as some other leading members of the Revolutionary generation. But his contemporaries liked and admired him for his sensible judgment, his honesty, and his personal kindness. Like his fellow Founding Fathers and fellow Presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, he died on July 4, the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the nation's official birthday.

 


Monroe's Balancing Act
密蘇里協定 The Missouri Compromise
愉快感受年代
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詹姆士門羅 (James Monroe)
重申主權獨立性
"「門羅主義」(The Monroe Doctrine)"
愉快感受年代
"
門羅深得人心的總統任期 Monroe's Popular Presidency"
門羅的平衡法案
"密蘇里協定 The Missouri Compromise"


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