美國獨立的第二場戰爭_1

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Meet Amazing Americans 美國總統 詹姆斯麥迪遜 (James Madison)
 
公海上的軍艦 War ships on the high seas
公海上的軍艦 War ships on the high seas

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美國獨立的第二場戰爭
Second War of American Independence

在1812年6月18日,詹姆斯麥迪遜簽署了議會對英國正式開戰的聲明,是什麼原因呢?

英國和法國自1793年開始就斷斷續續有零星的戰爭,美國與這兩個國家都有貿易往來,成為居中的尷尬角色;英國封鎖了法國的所有海港、堅持美國的船必須先停在英國的港口、並在繼續前往法國之前支付相關費用,英國同時也介入美國鄰居加拿大的外交事務。

1812年的戰役被稱為美國獨立的第二場戰爭,這場戰爭延續了多久、又是為何而戰呢?

On June 18, 1812, James Madison signed Congress's official declaration of war against England. Why?

Great Britain and France had been at war, off and on, since 1793. The United States, which traded with both countries, was caught in the middle. Britain blocked all French seaports and insisted that U.S. ships first stop at a British port and pay a fee before continuing to France. Britian was also interfering in the affairs of Canada, America's neighbor.

The War of 1812 came to be known as the second American war of independence. How long did the war last and where was it fought?


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