喬治卡特利特馬歇爾 (George Catlett Marshall)

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Meet Amazing Americans 領袖與政治人物 喬治馬歇爾 (George Catlett Marshall)
 
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Photograph of George C. Marshall, 1943.
喬治馬歇爾將軍在他的辦公室
1943

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生於: 18801131
死於: 1959 1016

喬治卡特利特馬歇爾 (George Catlett Marshall) 是一名士兵,大家最記得他對和平的貢獻。出生於賓夕法尼亞州,馬歇爾於維吉尼亞州萊星頓市 (Lexington) 的維吉尼亞軍校 (Virginia Military Institute) 受訓並在此培養他的領導技巧。當他還是個年輕軍官時,馬歇爾即以耿直、坦率及傑出的問題解決能力聞名。第一次世界大戰時,他身居要職,到了第二次世界大戰時,則身任陸軍參謀長。戰後,馬歇爾將他的問題解決能力應用在更重要的領域上。身為國務卿時,他說服國會撥出130億美金幫助歐洲重建。這個有名的「馬歇爾計畫」 (Marshall Plan) 為許多國家帶來希望與和平。1953年時,馬歇爾也因他的偉大成就獲頒諾貝爾和平獎。

George Catlett Marshall was a soldier best remembered for what he did for peace. Born in Pennsylvania, Marshall developed his leadership skills at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. As a junior Army officer, Marshall earned a reputation for blunt honesty and brilliant problem-solving. He held important posts during World War I, and in World War II, Marshall became head of the Army. After the war, Marshall put his problem-solving skills to an even more important use. As secretary of state, he convinced Congress to give Europe $13 billion to help rebuild. This very popular "Marshall Plan" brought hope and peace to many nations. For his great achievement, Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.


Photograph of General George C. Marshall.
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